While the search for the God particle, Higg's Boson
, (with a name like that, no wonder :shock: ) grabs all the headlines, (there is a suggestion it is more like a field, behaving all the world like molasses than a particle) there are a half dozen experiments going on at the LHC.
When the hadrons smash together they will break apart. This is a process that happens in 'atom smashers'
all over the world. The largest right now is at the Fermilab
in Chicago, that cooperated in the building of the LHC. Whereas these 'bits'
are kept together by the strongest force we know of in the universe, the strong force that keeps atoms together, the more energy that is put into the smashing process the more fundamental the 'atomic bits'
that fly off.*
When these 'bits'
fly off they form what is called a quark-gluon plasma, which probably existed just after the Big Bang when the Universe was still extremely hot.
There are four detectors about the circuit, named after the 'experiments'
they are intended to detect:ALICE: For the ALICE experiment, the LHC will collide lead ions to recreate the conditions just after the Big Bang under laboratory conditions. The data obtained will allow physicists to study a state of matter known as quarkâ€‘gluon plasma, which is believed to have existed soon after the Big Bang.ATLAS: ATLAS is one of two general-purpose detectors at the LHC. It will investigate a wide range of physics, including the search for the Higgs boson, extra dimensions, and particles that could make up dark matter.CMS: The CMS experiment uses a general-purpose detector to investigate a wide range of physics, including the search for the Higgs boson, extra dimensions, and particles that could make up dark matter. Although it has the same scientific goals as the ATLAS experiment, it uses different technical solutions and design of its detector magnet system to achieve these.LHCb: The LHCb experiment will help us to understand why we live in a Universe that appears to be composed almost entirely of matter, but no antimatter.
It specialises in investigating the slight differences between matter and antimatter by studying a type of particle called the 'beauty quark', or 'b quark'.
While there are four detectors positioned near the impact points, there are six experiments going on - there are sub-detectors placed near the other equipment for the main experiments.TOTEM: The TOTEM experiment studies forward particles to focus on physics that is not accessible to the general-purpose experiments. Among a range of studies, it will measure, in effect, the size of the proton and also monitor accurately the LHC's luminosity
and theLHCf: The LHCf experiment uses forward particles created inside the LHC as a source to simulate cosmic rays in laboratory conditions.
Not bad for $10 billion or so ...... :shock: *
You may know that I am less than a fan of President Reagan. Yet he is called 'the great communicator'
with reason. Bob MacDonald from the CBC Quirks and Quarks
, occasionally plays a quip from Reagan when he makes a decision to go ahead with construction of a Superconducting Supercollider
in Texas. (Which would have been even larger than the one at CERN.) The project was later cancelled for budget reasons.
In confirming the decision Reagan, allegedly,said: "Some times you have got to throw long."
Not bad Ronnie, it does not excuse the slaughter(s) you instigated in South America, but you did good work here.